Alt München am Rhein

I go sometimes into the Bierhalle and restaurant called Old Munich. Not long ago it was a resort of interesting Bohemians, but now only artists and musicians and literary folk frequent it. But the Pilsner is yet good, and I take some diversion from the conversation of Waiter No. 18.

For many years the customers of Old Munich have accepted the place as a faithful copy from the ancient German town. The big hall with its smoky rafters, rows of imported steins, portrait of Goethe, and verses painted on the walls—translated into German from the original of the Cincinnati poets—seems atmospherically correct when viewed through the bottom of a glass.

But not long ago the proprietors added the room above, called it the Little Rheinschloss, and built in a stairway. Up there was an imitation stone parapet, ivy-covered, and the walls were painted to represent depth and distance, with the Rhine winding at the base of the vineyarded slopes, and the castle of Ehrenbreitstein looming directly opposite the entrance. Of course there were tables and chairs; and you could have beer and food brought you, as you naturally would on the top of a castle on the Rhine.

I went into Old Munich one afternoon when there were few customers, and sat at my usual table near the stairway. I was shocked and almost displeased to perceive that the glass cigar-case by the orchestra stand had been smashed to smithereens. I did not like things to happen in Old Munich. Nothing had ever happened there before.

(The Halberdier of the Little Rheinschloss in O. Henry: Roads of Destiny, 1909)

Over-the-Rhine und Over the Rhine

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Der Bandname Over the Rhine geht zurück auf das Wohnviertel Over-the-Rhine in Cincinnati, Ohio. Die englischsprachige Wikipedia weiß folgendes über den transatlantischen Flecken zu berichten: „(Over-the-Rhine) is believed to be the largest, most intact urban historic district in the United States. (…) It contains the largest collection of Italianate architecture in the United States, and is an example of an intact 19th-century urban neighborhood. Its architectural significance has been compared to the French Quarter in New Orleans, the historic districts of Savannah, Georgia and Charleston, South Carolina, and Greenwich Village in New York City. Besides being a historic district, the neighborhood has an arts community that is unparalleled within Cincinnati. (…) Over-the-Rhine was voted best Cincinnati neighborhood in CityBeat`s Best of Cincinnati 2011 and 2012.
The neighborhood`s distinctive name comes from its builders and early residents, German immigrants of the mid-19th century. Many walked to work across bridges over the Miami and Erie Canal, which separated the area from downtown Cincinnati. The canal was nicknamed “the Rhine” in reference to the Rhine River in Germany, and the newly settled area north of the canal as “Over the Rhine.” In German, the district was called “über`m Rhein.”
An early reference to the canal as “the Rhine” appears in the 1853 book White, Red, Black, in which traveler Ferenc Pulszky wrote, “The Germans live all together across the Miami Canal, which is, therefore, here jocosely called the „Rhine.“” In 1875 writer Daniel J. Kenny referred to the area exclusively as “Over the Rhine.” He noted, “Germans and Americans alike love to call the district „Over the Rhine.“” The canal no longer exists, but was located at what is now Central Parkway.“